Chapter 10: Temperature and Kinetic theory (with ideal gases)

Study guide - Thermal physics

Video (UC Berkley, Physics 10) - Atoms & Heat

Video (UC Berkley, Physics 10) - Atoms and heat 2

Topic 10.1 & 10.2: Temperature and heat (with temperature scales)

Objective(s): Students will be able to:
  1. distinguish between temperature and heat.
  2. describe what types of energy make up the internal energy of a diatomic gas.
  3. explain how the temperature scales were developed.
  4. convert between temperature scales.

Virtual lab (PhET): States of matter

Video (Veritasium) - Misconceptions about heat

Video (Veritasium) - Misconceptions about temperature

Video - The real Fahrenheit story

Video (Eureka) - Episode 20: Measuring temperature

Video (Eureka) - Episode 21: Temperature vs heat

Video (Eureka) - Episode 22: Atoms

Video (Eureka) - Episode 23 Electrons

Topic 10.3: Gas laws, absolute temperature and the Kelvin temperature scale

Tutorial (Univ. of California) - Ideal gases

Objective(s): Students will be able to:
  1. describe the combined and ideal gas laws.
  2. explain how the gas laws were used to determine absolute zero.
  3. understand the Kelvin (absolute) temperature scale.

Virtual lab (PhET @ Colorado) - Gas Properties

Video (Mechanical Universe) - Episode 45: Temperature & Gas laws

Topic 10.4: Thermal expansion

Tutorial (Univ. of California) - Heat transfer & thermal expansion

Video lecture (MIT) - Lecture 32: Heat & Thermal expansion

Students should understand thermal expansion, so they can analyze what happens to the size and shape of an object when it is heated.

Video (Eureka) - Episode 19: Expansion and contraction

Topic 10.5: The kinetic theory of gases

Video (MIT) - Lecture 33: Kinetic gas theory

Students should understand the kinetic theory model of an ideal gas, so they can:
  1. State the assumptions of the model.
  2. State the connection between temperature and mean translational kinetic energy, and apply it to determine the mean speed of gas molecules as a function of their mass and the temperature of the gas.
  3. State the relationship among Avogadro’s number, Boltzmann’s constant, and the gas constant R, and express the energy of a mole of a monatomic ideal gas as a function of its temperature.
  4. Explain qualitatively how the model explains the pressure of a gas in terms of collisions with the container walls, and explain how the model predicts that, for fixed volume, pressure must be proportional to temperature.

Tutorial (Univ. of California) - Specific & latent heat

Mini lab - title

AP lab - title

Video - title

Video (Eureka) - title

Video (The Mechanical Universe) - title